Northfield Historical Society of Northfield Minnesota has restored a building that housed the offices of one of the city's most famous residents, Dr. James E. Hahn. The museum dedicated to his life and work as a doctor is located in the same building as the museum dedicated to the other famous resident of the city, Minnesota State University Medical Center.
Clay County manages the museum together with the James Farm and Home Museum in Kearney and the Clay County Historical Society of Northfield. This area in Missouri was largely populated and not for nothing became known as "Little Dixie." The small town of Oak Grove, Louisiana, hosted outlaws during the Civil War as part of the US-Louisiana War of 1864-1865. When slavery, which extended to neighboring Kansas, created tensions and hostilities, Clay County became the scene of great unrest.
When President Grant suppressed the Klan movement in the South through Enforcement Acts, former Confederates were barred from voting, sat on juries, preached from the pulpit, and became corporate officers. Before they could re-elect and hold office, lawmakers voted to limit the rewards the governor could give to refugees.
They robbed banks, stagecoaches and fairs in Kansas City, often committing their crimes in front of crowds and even beating them up for the sake of bystanders. Survivors of Clement's gang continued bank robberies over the next two years, though their numbers declined with arrests, shootings and lynchings. It is likely that the legend is based on a cave system in Kentucky that was generally home to an outlaw camp.
In 1939, the house south of St. Joseph where Jesse James was killed was moved to attract tourists. Daniel Askew, believed to have been killed by James and his gang on 12 April 1875, was found begging in a creek behind James's house.
In November 1881, James and his family moved to St. Joseph, Missouri, where he was born and raised by his father Frank James and mother Eliza in the family home. In the summer of 1882 Jesse and Frank James turned up in Nashville, Tennessee, where they took refuge from the FBI and the Drug Enforcement Administration.
Cole and Bob Younger later said they chose the bank because they believed it was linked to the Federal Reserve Bank of New Orleans, which had been occupied by the US FBI and Louisiana State Police. Frank followed Quantrill to Louisiana, while Jesse went to Texas and then New York City.
The two youths killed Lull in a roadside shooting on March 17, 1874, and the two young men were sent by the Hood County Sheriff's Office in St. Paul, Minnesota, to Boyles County, Texas, to be sent on their way. Hood County Sheriff Oran Baker conducted an autopsy and found he had a rope around his neck.
The Ford brothers were dismayed that they were charged with first-degree murder and surrendered to authorities. Edwards published a letter to the editor of the St. Paul Star-Tribune, in which he proclaimed Jesse James' innocence, and the Ford Brothers capitulated.
Along with Edwards's admiring editorial, the letter helped James become a prominent figure in the anti-slavery movement in St. Paul. In 1879, he recruited a new gang, and in May of that year, a company of Union militia raided James and Samuel's farm in search of Frank's group. He returned to crime, stopping a train and helping cement his position as one of the most notorious gangsters in Northfield, Minnesota.
After $2,000 in cash, the gang fled in a second robbery and took refuge in an abandoned hut on the outskirts of the city.
Police and a policeman attacked two of the outlaws and killed them, but were unable to catch the entire gang. Brothers Frank and James joined a group of pro-Confederate guerrillas known as the Bushwhackers, who operated in Missouri and Kansas during the American Civil War. They attacked and beat a regiment of persecutors and killed those who tried to surrender, more than 100 of whom died. After their battle at the Battle of Wilson Creek in August 1861, they joined a local company recruited by the secessionist Drew Lobbs' Army.
In 1861, James' brothers teamed up with Frank's younger brother Cole Younger and a number of others to form the group later known as the James Younger Gang. There were at least three other members of the Bushwhackers in Northfield, but none of them were killed.
Deputy cashier Alonzo Enos was injured when he fled through the bank's back door. James had just learned from the newspaper that another gang member, Dick Liddil, had confessed to being involved in the murders in the Hite Forest. Detectives threw a Molotov cocktail at the house, which exploded, killing James's younger half - brother Archie, nicknamed Archie Clement, and blowing up Zerelda Samuel's arms.
The indictment included Missouri State, Frank and Jesse James, and a Missouri sheriff's sheriff was convicted. Jesse found his body at Kansas River Quay, which was renamed Kansas City in 1889. James's original grave was on the family estate, but he later moved to a cemetery in Kearney. His body, buried in the same cemetery as his brother Archie, underwent mitochondrial DNA typing after his exhumation in 1995.